Considered the first Greeks, the Mycenaeans had a lasting influence on later Greek art, architecture, and literature. A bronze age civilization that extended through modern day southern Greece as well as coastal regions of modern day Turkey, Italy, and Syria, Mycenaea was an elite warrior society dominated by palace states. Divided into three classes - the king's attendants, the common people, and slaves - each palace state was ruled by a king with military, political, and religious authority. The society valorized heroic warriors and made offerings to a pantheon of gods. In later Greek literature, including Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey , the exploits of these warriors and gods engaged in the Trojan War had become legendary and, in fact, appropriated by later Greeks as their founding myths.
25 Most Famous Statues in the World [ ]
Caryatid , in classical architecture, draped female figure used instead of a column as a support. In marble architecture they first appeared in pairs in three small buildings treasuries at Delphi — bc , and their origin can be traced back to mirror handles of nude figures carved from ivory in Phoenicia and draped figures cast from bronze in archaic Greece. According to a story related by the 1st-century- bc Roman architectural writer Vitruvius , caryatids represented the women of Caryae, who were doomed to hard labour because the town sided with the Persians in bc during their second invasion of Greece. The most celebrated example is the caryatid porch of the Erechtheum with six figures — bc , on the Acropolis of Athens.
25 Most Famous Statues in the World
The other two are the Doric order which was the earliest, followed by the Ionic order. When classical architecture was revived during the Renaissance , two more orders were added to the canon : the Tuscan order and the Composite order. The Corinthian, with its offshoot the Composite, is the most ornate of the orders. This architectural style is characterized by slender fluted columns and elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls.
High and Late Classical architecture is distinguished by its adherence to proportion, optical refinements, and its early exploration of monumentality. During the Classical period, Greek architecture underwent several significant changes. The columns became more slender, and the entablature lighter during this period.